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ACADEMICS
Humanities Department Scholarship Summer 2014
CDR Russell Bowman:

Bowman, R.E. (2014). The Triple Threat (to Homeland and National Security): Sea Level Rise, Extreme Storms, and Aging Infrastructure. National Institute for Coastal and Harbor Infrastructure Summit. New York, New York. May. 

Description: One day after the release of the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment, the National Institute for Coastal and Harbor Infrastructure hosted a summit at the New York Academy of Sciences on the dangers posed to coastal communities by the "triple threat" of (1) sea level rise, (2) extreme storms, and (3) aging infrastructure. The above cited presentation provided lessons learned from the responses to the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill and to “Superstorm” Sandy, and their respective implications for preparedness and resilience more broadly. The presentation framed the summit’s subsequent panels by discussing how resilience is both a Homeland Security and National Security imperative. 

Bowman, R.E. (2014). Focusing the Lessons of Disaster Through the Lens of Resilience: A Case for More Case Studies. Resilience Week - National Symposium on Resilient Critical Infrastructure. Denver, Colorado. August. 

Abstract: This conference presentation explored ways to better leverage the teachable moments that disasters – often termed “focusing events” in public policy circles – provide. Building from the notion that the political attention generated by such events is ironically too focused on the most recent catastrophe to eliminate persistent, systemic problems; the presentation suggested how wider use of multi-case research methodologies that utilize the concept of resilience will produce materials better suited to reaching broader audiences and leveraging the windows of opportunity for meaningful policy reform that disasters present. The talk examined how a broadened conceptualization of “resilience” can serve as a practical, policy-relevant lens that may help open our collective research aperture to enable better understanding of the complex interdependencies and cascading systems failures noted in the wake of recent disasters. After providing an overview of the methodologies used to study disasters and the challenges associated therewith, the presentation discussed the benefits of conducting secondary analyses of extant bodies of research and event-specific after-action reports through multi-case explanation building and cross-case synthesis techniques. The discussion concluded by providing a call to action for better disseminating the lessons learned from such analyses. 

CDR Andrew Ely: 

Ely, J. A. (2014). Drones: A Challenge to the Professional Military Ethic, Combating Terrorism Exchange Journal, 4(II) 44-51.  

Mr. Kevin Generous: 

Generous, Kevin M. (2014).: “Congressional Use of Strategic Weapons Acquisition to Influence U.S. Arms Control Negotiations. Research Presentation and Conference Paper. New England Political Science Association, 2014 Conference, April 26, 2014, Woodstock, Vermont.

The U.S.-Soviet strategic arms talks that ushered in the Cold War endgame in the 1980s and 1990s witnessed the extraordinary intervention by Congress in the Executive’s traditional policymaking areas in security strategy, diplomatic negotiations, and foreign policy. In the 20th Century Congress as an institution rarely succeeded in efforts to re-shape national security policy and grand strategy. A research puzzle focuses on whether Congress deliberately modified nuclear weapons acquisition programs that were simultaneously subject to bilateral negotiations in order to exert policy influence on the arms negotiation process and to pursue their preferred security policy ends at the expense of the Executive. This paper begins to analyze this puzzle through a content analysis to determine deviation from Executive weapons acquisition requests on ICBM modernization programs by congressional defense committees from FY 1975-FY 1990, and an assessment of the amendment process in each chamber to determine whether the influence of Hawks, Doves or Owls prevailed in Congressional weapons acquisition decision-making on arms control policy preferences.
 

Dr. Jose Gonzalez: 

Gonzalez, J.B. “Book Review of Lavando La Dirty Laundry by Natalia Trevino.” LatinoStories.Com. 1 July 2014.  

Dr. Elizabeth Rivero: 

Rivero, E. (2014). “Re-lecturas del pasado: 25 Watts (2001) y Whisky (2004)” [“Re-reading the past: : 25 Watts (2001) and Whisky (2004)”]. AHH VII International Congress. Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 26-28.

The Asociación Hispánica de Humanidades (AHH) aims to promote the research, study and teaching of foreign languages and literatures through the spreading of information on curricula, organizing conferences and publishing books. In my presentation, I discussed two XXI century Uruguayan films. I proposed that these films, directed by young cinematographers Juan Pablo Rebella and Pablo Stoll, represent a critical approach to modern-day Uruguay and its recent past.
 

LCDR Mariette Ogg: 

Ogg, M.C. (2014). “Future Coast Guard Officers Examine the Ninety Mile Experience.” Rhetoric Society of America Biennial Conference, San Antonio, Texas, May 22-26.

Ogg, M.C. (2014). “Buccaneers and Privateers: The Story of the English Sea Rover, 1675-1725.” The Nautilus: A Maritime Journal of Literature, History, and Culture, V 113-114.

Ogg, M. C. (2014). “Never Far From His Authentic Self: Eugene O’Neill’s Journey of Life.” 38th Annual Comparative Drama Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, April 3-5.

Ogg, M.C. (2014). “Endless Journeys Homeward: Augustinian Perspective in O’Neill’s Early Sea Plays.” New London, Connecticut, June 18-21.
 

Captain Glenn Sulmasy: 

Sulmasy, G. M. (2014). “Holder: Amenazas de 'terrorismo doméstico' en EEUU.” El Diario, June 26.  

Dr. Abram Trosky: 

Trosky, Abram J. (2014). “Moralizing Violence: Social Psychology, Peace Research, and the Just War Tradition.” Doctoral Dissertation, Boston University, Boston.  

Dr. Alex Waid: 

Waid, A. (2014) “Funciones y utilidad de Nearpod y Flipgrid en el salón de clase” ASOCIACIÓN HISPÁNICA DE HUMANIDADES, VII CONGRESO. Galicia, Spain.  

Dr. Erik Wingrove-Haughland: 

Wingrove-Haugland, E. (forthcoming, 2015) . Moral Sensitivity, Dehumanization, and the Military. In Developing Moral Sensitivity (Mowrer, Vandenberg, and Robison, eds.) Routledge. In what will be Chapter 12 of this volume on moral sensitivity, I note that the assumption that developing moral sensitivity is always desirable is problematic when applied to military professionals, since their profession may require them to use lethal force against others intentionally. I consider and reject the claim that moral sensitivity is actually undesirable for military professionals, noting that they must display moral sensitivity towards allies and non-combatants and arguing that “Plato’s problem” of ensuring that soldiers are harsh towards enemy combatants but gentle towards their fellow citizens cannot be solved in the ways Plato proposed, and has still not been solved. I examine the three techniques used in military training to encourage dehumanization of enemy combatants—authority, roles, and stereotypes—and conclude that the use of authority and stereotypes is always unjustified. I argue, however that the use of roles to promote dehumanization is morally acceptable when it amounts to training members of the military to respect enemy combatants as enemy combatants, rather than respecting them as human beings.

Wingrove-Haugland, E., Matthes, M., and Ely, J. (2014) Ethics in the U. S. Coast Guard. Accepted by ADM Stotz; undergoing revision prior to dissemination in Fall 2014.

I served as editor and lead author of this white paper on promoting moral development in the Coast Guard, which criticizes training focused on following rules to avoid punishment and argues that the most effective ways to promote moral development focus on the Oath of Office/Enlistment and the core values, using interactive training to promote values alignment. After exploring the relationship between the core values of various military services, I examine the nature of and relationship between the Coast Guard’s core values. I argue that all major Western moral traditions support the core values, and that the core value of honor demands holding oneself and others accountable. Dr. Matthes’ section on respect points out that respecting others presupposes respecting oneself, and that respect demands going beyond tolerance and intervening upon witnessing disrespectful acts. LCDR Ely wrote the first draft of the sections on devotion to duty and professionalism, which point out that shared values are only one element of professionalism; critical thinking and leadership skills are also needed. I wrote the section on assessment, which examines how to improve qualitative assessments of moral decision-making skills while developing a validated quantitative instrument. The white paper concludes with specific recommendations regarding how the Coast Guard can promote moral development more effectively.